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This RBC Global Asset Management (U.S.) Website is intended for institutional investors only.

For purposes of this Website, the term "Institutional" includes but is not limited to sophisticated non-retail investors such as investment companies, banks, insurance companies, investment advisers, plan sponsors, endowments, government entities, high net worth individuals and those acting on behalf of institutional investors. The Website contains information, material and content about RBC Global Asset Management (collectively, the “Information”).

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The Information is provided without regard to the specific investment objectives, financial situation or particular needs of any specific recipient and does not constitute investment, tax, accounting or legal advice. Recipients are strongly advised to make an independent review with an investment professional and reach their own conclusions regarding the investment merits and risks, legal, credit, tax and accounting aspects of any transactions.

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How does a company act as an environmental steward?
  • climate change
  • greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions
  • resource depletion, including water
  • waste and pollution
  • deforestation


How does a company treat employees, customers & communities?
  • working conditions, including slavery and child labour
  • impact on local communities, including indigenous communities
  • conflict
  • health and safety
  • employee relations and diversity


How does a company govern itself?
  • executive pay
  • bribery and corruption
  • political lobbying and donations
  • board diversity and structure
  • tax strategy and accounting standards

1. Research and analysis

Our Corporate Governance & Responsible Investment group ensures that our investment teams have access to research on the ESG issues they consider material. Our investment teams integrate material ESG factors into their investment decisions for applicable types of investments1. We believe this contributes to an enhanced analysis of issuers and a better understanding of the risks and opportunities facing them.

2. Direct engagement

Direct engagement refers to communication between investors and the board or management of the issuer on material ESG issues. Its purpose may be to better understand an issuer's approach to material ESG issues or it may be to encourage the issuer to adopt better practices, including improved ESG-related disclosure and/or more effective identification and management of material ESG issues2.

3. Proxy voting

Voting our shares responsibly is part of our fiduciary duty and we make our voting decisions independently, in accordance with our custom Proxy Voting Guidelines3. The RBC GAM Voting Guidelines are updated annually to reflect our views on emerging trends in corporate governance and responsible investment, providing an overview of the corporate governance principles we support and how we will generally vote on ESG-related issues.

4. Collaboration

When appropriate, we work together with like-minded investors, either directly or through organizations/coalitions, to allow us to have greater influence on issues specific to our investments and on broader, market-wide considerations. In either case, we work to encourage changes that are in the best interests of our clients. Learn more about our responsible investment commitments.

5. Engaging with regulators and lawmakers

As a firm, we engage constructively with regulators and other lawmakers to ensure the shareholder perspective is heard when changes to laws or regulations are being considered.

1 Certain investment strategies or asset classes do not integrate ESG factors, including but not limited to money market, passive and certain third-party sub-advised strategies.
2 In certain instances involving quantitative investment, passive and certain third-party sub-advised strategies, there is no direct engagement with issuers by RBC GAM.
3 The RBC GAM Proxy Voting Guidelines are applied for companies based in Canada, the United States, the United Kingdom, Ireland, Australia, and New Zealand. In all other markets, RBC GAM utilizes the local proxy voting guidelines of Institutional Shareholder Services.

ESG integration in action

Our investment teams select the ESG tools and processes that work best for their investment decision-making processes4. However, there are some commonalities in how our investment teams consider ESG factors within asset classes. For example, good corporate governance practices are important for all of our investments across all industries and markets.

We believe that companies with good corporate governance structures are: better able to focus on the company’s long-term, sustainable growth; pose less risk for shareholders due to proper alignment of management and shareholder interests; are more likely to issue fixed income instruments with higher credit quality and lower credit risk; and are more likely to effectively manage the company’s environmental and social factors. Learn more about other aspects of ESG integration within asset classes at RBC GAM here.

path in forest

4 Certain investment strategies or asset classes do not integrate ESG factors, including but not limited to money market, passive and certain third-party sub-advised strategies.

This content is provided by RBC Global Asset Management (RBC GAM) for informational purposes only and may not be reproduced, distributed or published without the written consent of RBC GAM or its affiliated entities listed herein. This document does not constitute an offer or a solicitation to buy or to sell any security, product or service in any jurisdiction; nor is it intended to provide investment, financial, legal, accounting, tax, or other advice and such information should not be relied or acted upon for providing such advice. This document is not available for distribution to investors in jurisdictions where such distribution would be prohibited.

RBC GAM is the asset management division of Royal Bank of Canada (RBC) which includes RBC Global Asset Management Inc., RBC Global Asset Management (U.S.) Inc., RBC Global Asset Management (UK) Limited and RBC Global Asset Management (Asia) Limited, which are separate, but affiliated subsidiaries of RBC.

This content has not been reviewed by, and is not registered with any securities or other regulatory authority, and may, where appropriate and permissible, be distributed by the above-listed entities in their respective jurisdictions.

Any investment and economic outlook information contained in this document has been compiled by RBC GAM from various sources. Information obtained from third parties is believed to be reliable, but no representation or warranty, express or implied, is made by RBC GAM, its affiliates or any other person as to its accuracy, completeness or correctness. RBC GAM and its affiliates assume no responsibility for any errors or omissions in such information.

Opinions contained herein reflect the judgment and thought leadership of RBC GAM and are subject to change at any time. Such opinions are for informational purposes only and are not intended to be investment or financial advice and should not be relied or acted upon for providing such advice. RBC GAM does not undertake any obligation or responsibility to update such opinions.

RBC GAM reserves the right at any time and without notice to change, amend or cease publication of this information.

Past performance is not indicative of future results. With all investments there is a risk of loss of all or a portion of the amount invested. Where return estimates are shown, these are provided for illustrative purposes only and should not be construed as a prediction of returns; actual returns may be higher or lower than those shown and may vary substantially, especially over shorter time periods. It is not possible to invest directly in an index.

Some of the statements contained within may be considered forward-looking statements which provide current expectations or forecasts of future results or events. Forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance or events and involve risks and uncertainties. Do not place undue reliance on these statements because actual results or events may differ materially from those described in such forward-looking statements as a result of various factors. Before making any investment decisions, we encourage you to consider all relevant factors carefully.

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